According to the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV)
, as of September 24, credit growth had expanded 8.64 percent compared to the end of 2018. The rate was the lowest increase in recent years, even lower than the 9.52 percent rise during the same period in 2018.
In the SBV’s
September survey on business trends at credit institutions, many credit institutions also forecast that 2019 credit growth would increase by 13.61 percent this year, lower than the central bank’s 14 percent target.
Growth has been slow in recent months. At the end of June, credit had increased by 7.33 percent. The figure only inched up to 7.48 percent by the end of July, then to 8 percent at the end of August.
This seems to contradict lending reports from some banks which say they have nearly hit their credit growth quotas set by the central bank.
The central bank has also approved an increase to the credit growth limit in 2019 for banks that have met Basel II standards, such as ACB
(13 percent to 17 percent), VPBank
(12 percent to 16 percent), Techcombank
(13 percent to 17 percent) and MBBank
(13 percent to 17 percent).
However, the banks, which posted the highest credit growth in the first half of the year were mainly small- and medium-sized.
Credit growth at large banks, especially BIDV
which account for nearly 25 percent of outstanding loans in the entire banking system, was very low. VietinBank, for example, witnessed its credit increase by only 2.38 percent in the first six months of 2019.
The reason why State-owned commercial banks cannot boost credit growth is that their capital adequacy ratio was close to the minimum threshold set by the SBV
while they were unable to raise capital.
The credit slowdown was also due to banks’ plans to restructure their balance sheets. Instead of raising credit growth as in previous years, many banks have been forced to reduce credit scale to meet the central bank’s Basel II standards.
This cut to credit supply has made many people worried, especially businesses. However, experts say banks are only tightening credit with highly risky industries and sectors, such as real estate.
Nguyen Quoc Hung, Director of the SBV’s Credit Department, said that bank loans
for the Government’s priority sectors had still increased significantly, of which credit for high-tech applicable firms increased by 22.04 percent; exports, 13.2 percent; and small- and medium-sized enterprises, 11.42 percent.
Despite the credit slowdown, the country’s GDP growth hit a nine-year high of 6.98 percent in the first nine months of the year. It was a positive signal as the credit slowdown did not hit economic growth, meaning the economy has become less dependent on bank credit and relying more on other channels such as the securities and corporate bond markets.