The amount of credit granted to corporate customers always accounts for the largest proportion and is also the riskiest. This is not only an activity that generates a major source of revenue for banks but also a potentially risky activity.
To understand what credit risk management is, we must first study the concept of credit risk.
Credit risk is the risk arising due to the borrower's failure to strictly comply with the terms of the credit contract. This might happen when the customer is late in debt repayment, not fully pays the debt amount or fails to pay debt when principal and interest amounts are due, causing financial losses and difficulties in the business activities of commercial banks.
In the context of today’s competition and integration, one of the essential factors contributing to the existence and development of a commercial bank is its ability to manage risks, especially credit risks, in a comprehensive and systematic manner.
Credit risk management is understood as the process of identifying and analyzing risk factors, measuring the level of risk, thereby selecting measures to manage credit activities to limit and eliminate risks in the credit process.
>>> Learn more: What Is Credit Risk?
Practices and techniques applied by banks in the process of credit risk management are as follows:
Planning credit strategy, building credit processes and policies: Credit strategy is the development plan in a defined time period of a bank. The operational strategy reflects the bank's willingness to take risks. Through the credit strategy, credit process policies are in place to ensure that credit operations achieve positive results as set out in the plan.
Credit analysis: This is the most basic content of credit risk management. Credit analysis is the collection and processing of information, and consideration and assessment of factors affecting a client's ability to pay loans as a basis for making appropriate lending decisions.
Scattering credit risks: This activity includes performing well the process of classifying and setting up credit risk provisions as well as regulations on prudential ratios in credit activities, establishing internal scoring and ranking customers system on the basis of regular monitoring of customer performance with early warning indicators including financial analysis indicators and related information.
Credit risk management is an extremely important activity in the operation of banks because credit risk is one of the problems that all commercial banks can encounter. If the activities of preventing and limiting credit risks are well implemented, they will bring very practical benefits to banks including raising income, reducing costs, preserving capital, creating trust for customers and investors using the services of the bank, creating a premise to expand the market and increasing the prestige, position, image and market share for the bank, etc.
In addition, credit risk management also brings practical benefits to the economy and the society in general. Therefore, when managing credit risks in the banking system, the following should be noted:
Perfecting the system of early credit risk warning - Completing and improving the quality of credit evaluation
Developing separate policies for specific and key industries
Strengthening management and monitoring before and after disbursement
Improving the qualifications of the bank staff
VietnamCredit hopes that through the above information, customers may have enough knowledge to answer questions about “What is credit risk management?”.
Keep Reading: What you need to know to mitigate credit risk